Santiago Calatrava - Creator of Abstract Architecture

by KamilaSu 11. November 2014 12:11

500 years ago our world was divided into two camps, the world of science and the world of art. Scientists and engineers are now living in their own world, concentrating on the functionality and the cause of things. Others, meanwhile, use those things, even though they do not understand how they work.

From the moment of this sad separation of art and science, these two worlds only sporadically find a joint penetration. And even today, we still admire the works of Renaissance artists and consider their works to be ideal. But these combine both types of knowledge: beauty of art and technical know-how.

 

Santiago Calatrava, one of the world's elite architects, decided to go back to school after the graduation in his architectural studies and get a degree in civil engineering. His motivation for such a decision was the effort to return to the Renaissance values and erase the boundaries between architecture and technology.

Calatrava´s bridge

Beginnings of Calatrava's work is bound mainly to bridges and train stations, which added a new dimension to civil engineering.

Communications Tower Montjuic in Barcelona

Turning point in his career came with the construction of an elegant and brave Montjuic Communications Tower in Barcelona.

Calatrava represents a new direction based on technical know-how, which has nothing to do with the latest technology. His works are complex and have anthropomorphic character. He mostly uses white concrete to deny the diversity of materials and show the importance of the shapes. In his designs, he gets the inspiration from the human body and nature.

Milwaukee Art Museum

Milwaukee Art Museum, his first building in the United States, is known for its "wings" that open and close depending on the position of the sun.

Calatrava is also a creative sculptor and painter. When designing buildings he often uses his artistic knowledge from other disciplines and combines them. In 2005 he organised an exhibition of his works of art in the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art (Met) entitled "Santiago Calatrava: Sculpture in Architecture". Exhibitions of his works of art appeared also in Germany, England, Spain, and Italy. He is often referred to as the creator of the abstract architecture.

Turning Torso Building

The project of an innovative 54-storey high-rise spiral building that carries the name of the Turning Torso was his first design of an high-rise building. It is located in Malmö in Sweden and was built in the years 1999-2003.

Valencia

The complex of buildings in his native Valencia is also a common place of pilgrimage for the lovers of architecture.

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Architecture

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