Santiago Calatrava - Creator of Abstract Architecture

by KamilaSu 11. November 2014 12:11

500 years ago our world was divided into two camps, the world of science and the world of art. Scientists and engineers are now living in their own world, concentrating on the functionality and the cause of things. Others, meanwhile, use those things, even though they do not understand how they work.

From the moment of this sad separation of art and science, these two worlds only sporadically find a joint penetration. And even today, we still admire the works of Renaissance artists and consider their works to be ideal. But these combine both types of knowledge: beauty of art and technical know-how.

 

Santiago Calatrava, one of the world's elite architects, decided to go back to school after the graduation in his architectural studies and get a degree in civil engineering. His motivation for such a decision was the effort to return to the Renaissance values and erase the boundaries between architecture and technology.

Calatrava´s bridge

Beginnings of Calatrava's work is bound mainly to bridges and train stations, which added a new dimension to civil engineering.

Communications Tower Montjuic in Barcelona

Turning point in his career came with the construction of an elegant and brave Montjuic Communications Tower in Barcelona.

Calatrava represents a new direction based on technical know-how, which has nothing to do with the latest technology. His works are complex and have anthropomorphic character. He mostly uses white concrete to deny the diversity of materials and show the importance of the shapes. In his designs, he gets the inspiration from the human body and nature.

Milwaukee Art Museum

Milwaukee Art Museum, his first building in the United States, is known for its "wings" that open and close depending on the position of the sun.

Calatrava is also a creative sculptor and painter. When designing buildings he often uses his artistic knowledge from other disciplines and combines them. In 2005 he organised an exhibition of his works of art in the New York Metropolitan Museum of Art (Met) entitled "Santiago Calatrava: Sculpture in Architecture". Exhibitions of his works of art appeared also in Germany, England, Spain, and Italy. He is often referred to as the creator of the abstract architecture.

Turning Torso Building

The project of an innovative 54-storey high-rise spiral building that carries the name of the Turning Torso was his first design of an high-rise building. It is located in Malmö in Sweden and was built in the years 1999-2003.

Valencia

The complex of buildings in his native Valencia is also a common place of pilgrimage for the lovers of architecture.

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Architecture

Happy Cooking in a Well Assembled Kitchen

by KamilaSu 10. November 2014 11:49

Do you suffer when cooking, because your back hurts so much? Or are you still running around from one end of the kitchen to the other and still cannot find what you are looking for? You should think about the possibility of remodelling your kitchen according to the ergonomic principles. That way, the everyday need becomes fun and you would be looking forward to another delicacy prepared in your practically organised kitchen.

Well assembled kitchen

 

A well assembled kitchen has to meet many of the principles and recommendations. Firstly, it is appropriate to bear in mind the person who spends the most time in the kitchen. It would be considerate to design the kitchen layout precisely according to their needs. Kitchen layout is different for right-handers than it would be for left-handers, as well as the height of the kitchen cabinet needs to be tailored to the person who cooks in the kitchen. Of course, it is not always possible to adapt the layout for one person only. Various compromises are necessary, but it is still possible to achieve the highest comfort for all household members.

 

Currently, there seems to be a departure from the traditional U or L-shaped kitchen cabinet layout, which is now replaced by a more appropriate parallel or straight kitchen cabinet with island. It is possible to suitably incorporate a wide range of appliances commonly used in a modern kitchen and free yourself of the dilemma of how to use the impractical kitchen corner. Moreover, if the cooker or stove is placed towards the dining room table or living room, cooking can become a social activity.

Modern kitchen

If you have already decided on the shape of kitchen cabinets, it is time to think about the arrangement of the individual components. The basic rule is to follow the course of cooking, the right-handers should go clockwise, while the left-handers should follow the opposite direction. The starting point will be a place of storage of food; after you remove the food from the pantry or the refrigerator it is necessary to lay the ingredients down. It is therefore advisable to leave some space between the fridge and the place where the food is being washed and cleaned. It is thus necessary to create sufficient space between cooker and kitchen sink to cut, mix, and prepare the food. Also, think about a place to put pots from the cooker, thus create sufficient space on both sides of the cooking area.

 

As you can see, the most appropriate method to arrange the kitchen is to imagine a real cooking situation and various activities carried out therein. If you like to bake, place the oven rather above than on the lowest level. If you cannot live without a cup of fresh coffee in the morning, think of the additional area for the coffee machine. Each member of the household may have a different point of view on the arrangement of the kitchen, therefore, each of you could try to design your kitchen and compromise on the most suitable solution.

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Architecture | Interior design

Opponent of Straight Lines - Friedensreich Hundertwasser

by KamilaSu 20. October 2014 16:02

 

Sharp edges, right angles, parallel walls, levelled windows, uniform sizes, all this and many other conventional rules of architecture and interior design were opposed by Friedensreich Hundertwasser who demonstrated that on his own designs of flats, houses and other buildings.

Hundertwasser House

Hundertwasser House in Vienna. He didn’t demand remuneration for the building project, because he was rather willing to invest in it than to allow another ugly building to be built in the city centre.

Friedrich Stowasser, better known as Hundertwasser was an Austrian artist, architect and one of the most influential figures of the beginnings of modern art and modern architecture. The name Friedensreich Regentag Dunkelbunt Hundertwasser, which he later adopted, perfectly epitomizes his philosophy of life and art. It means "One hundred coloured waters on a rainy day" and corresponds with his personal motto: "When one thinks he has to repair nature; he is always irreparably mistaken."

Hundertwasser was a versatile artist. He painted, illustrated books, designed facades, postage stamps, national flags or clothing, yet he is most famous for his architectural design, typical for its irregularity and effort to blend in with the surrounding landscape. He promoted and also set in practice the idea that every building should have afforested rooftops accessible to its tenants. Flat floors which are incompatible with the rules of nature should be replaced with uneven and irregular floors. And just as important for him as everything was the so-called window law: "The tenant shall have the right to lean out of the window, and paint the plaster as far as he can reach according to his creative soul."

 

Although he is often compared to Antonio Gaudi, Hundertwasser´s style is so distinctive and unique that his works are unmistakable. Look at a few buildings designed by him:

BadBlumau in Austria

BadBlumau in Austria. Buildings in a spa town imitate surrounding hills and what more compost toilets secure fertilisers for local agriculture. 

Maishima incineration plant in Osaka, Japan

Maishima incineration plant in Osaka, Japan. Hundertwasser was willing to design industrial buildings, in this case, however, provide that he could equip the incineration plant with the best filters available. Part of the plant accessible to visitors demonstrates the problems associated with excessive production of waste. 

Public toilets Kawakawa

Public toilets Kawakawa at Hundertwasser´s beloved New Zealand. The interior is designed to contain as few straight lines and right angles as possible. 

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Architecture

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